Fenix Social and Environmental Assessment


The scope of the Fenix project was to refurbish and expand an existing process plant and nickel smelter that lie next to a protected wetland area and on the shores of Lake Izabal, Guatemala’s largest lake. The process plant and smelter, which are powered by an on-site power plant, had only operated for a few years in the late 1970s before closing due to low nickel prices and high fuel costs.

Klohn Crippen Berger was retained to prepare the Social and Environmental Assessment (SEA) in accordance with the International Finance Corporation Performance Standards and the Equator Principles. The scope of the SEA included an alternatives assessment, characterization of baseline conditions, an assessment of impacts and benefits, and the development of mitigation and management strategies, which include a community development plan and a conceptual reclamation and closure plan. We also assisted our client and a Guatemalan consultant in the preparation of a Spanish environmental impact assessment for the mining operation, and one for the process plant.


  • Baseline environmental studies and assessment
  • Baseline socio-economic characterization of community services and economics
  • Advisory role in stakeholder engagement
  • Preparation of a Social and Environmental Management Plan
  • Training for the client’s environmental staff on climate and hydrology data monitoring
  • Field review of erosion control practices
Fenix Project 4 years ago
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